After a relatively liberal period after 1543, in which the interactions between foreigners and the Japanese were fairly flexible, the Tokugawa shogunate introduced stricter regulations from 1639.
Dejima – Protruding Island
From then on, Nagasaki was the only port into which Dutch and Chinese vessels were permitted to sail. The Dutch (the Hollanders) had to give up their trading-post at Hirado and were allocated the man-made islet of Dejima (‘protruding Island’). It was built in 1634 for the internment of Portuguese merchants, since the Japanese authorities felt they could keep a closer watch on them on an island. The freedom of movement for the Hollanders was not much greater. They were not allowed to leave the island and even practicing their religion was forbidden.
Chinese Trade Settlement
Not far to the south of Dejima, was the location of the Chinese trade settlement (Tôjin-yashiki), partly formed by a square island in the bay where the warehouses were located and which was connected to the warehouses and offices on the mainland.
Registered Sex Workers
It was accepted by the shogunate that male traders far from home to receive female company. Registered sex workers from Nagasaki’s Maruyama pleasure quarter were permitted to visit Dejima and the Chinese colony to supply sexual services.
Authoritative decrees were even adapted so that long-term relations could be maintained between Japanese women and foreign men. Possible descendants were not allowed to leave Japan. The same was true for the mothers.
The images below (except for Fig.3.) are from an erotic album written by Ōta Nampo 太田南畝 (1749–1823) and illustrated by an unidentified artist from the Kikukawa School (active c.1800s – 1860s). It was issued around 1820, is now housed in the Honolulu Museum of Art, and purchased from the late shunga expert Dr. Richard Lane. The album consists of six paintings (the other three are conventional images inspired by Kitagawa Utamaro and others) and text pages.
This first painting (Fig.2.) is clearly inspired by an earlier piece (Fig.3.) from the leading floating-world artist Hosoda Eishi (1756-1829). There is special interest in the European jacket, breeches and leg covering worn by the man.
The trousers are depicted with a satin-like sheen not to mention his sensitively rendered complexion and hair color. The albino monkey is chained to a blue collar. In Eishi’s version it’s about an unchained brown monkey.
Twisted Tree Branches
A middle-aged Chinese couple prepare for love-making (Fig.4.). The woman is sitting in a striking twisted branch chair. She is wearing red silk lotus shoes. The man wears a Ming Dynasty-style headdress on his queue haircut.
Noble Japanese Couple
The sultry weather (emphasized by the mosquito net and their entire naked bodies) has stimulated the sensuality of this noble Japanese couple (Fig.5.).
You can find the whole set at the Honolulu Museum of Art
Click HERE for the sensual adventures of the Dutch VOC head Jan Cock Blomhoff in Dejima..!!
Sources: The Honolulu Museum of Art
‘Shunga: Sex and Pleasure in Japanese Art‘ by the British Museum