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Utamaro's Grotesque Erotic Masterpiece of a Dutch Couple

One of my personal favorite themes within shunga is that of the depiction of Westerners (maybe because I am a Dutchman myself). The former residents of Japan (in particular those of Nagasaki) including artists could only observe these strange red-haired “creatures” from a distance. Since the Dutch and Portuguese were separated from the Japanese population, and accommodated on the artificial island Dejima.

Dutchman Utamakura

Dutch couple‘ (1788) from the series ‘Utamakura (Poem of the Pillow)‘ by Kitagawa Utamaro

Highlights

The oban-sized piece featured above is considered to be one of the great highlights in shunga. It’s from the series called Utamakura (Poem of the Pillow)’, which was published in 1788 and produced by Kitagawa Utamaro (1753-1806).

Cannibalism

It’s a unique image with a rather uncomplimentary portrait of an elderly Dutch couple depicts the Dutchman as a coarse barbarian (his hat could indicate he is a captain) with almost a penchant to cannibalism. Or as author Timon Screech describes in his book ‘Sex and the Floating World’: “…a wind-blown seadog with a woman seemingly of his own ethnic group although dressed in the costume of a different epoch.”

Dutchman Utamakura

Close-up featuring the “cannibalistic” tendencies of the Dutchman

Foreigners

The presentation of two Westerners making love was very uncommon at this period. Other prints from that era depicting foreigners usually represent a foreign male in the company of a Japanese female.

VOC

The print was released when the VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Companie) was still coming to Japan. For political reasons, hardly any such pictures were issued before 1790, after which the visits of the VOC ended.

Obsolete

The Dutch stayed at the Nagasakiya inn in the Nihonbashi region of Edo (nowadays Tokyo) and many residants stopped by to look at these strangers. Utamaro also may have observed the Dutch people on one of these visits, and drew the man’s portrait from memory. The woman was most probably based on older Western copperplate etchings since her clothing is obsolete.

Dutchman Utamakura

Close-up of the male penis

Head of the Penis

The print has received so much attention to detail that even the head of the penis is sprinkled with mica (kira-zuri) to give it a shimmering effect. Utamaro‘s bon-vivant colleague and friend Kitao Masanobu once told him that he was repelled by the abomination of the penises he drew.

Michelangelo

The French art critic and collector Edmond de Concourt, on the other hand, adored Utamaro‘s “power in the line, which makes the drawing of a penis the equal of the Louvre’s Hand by Michelangelo.”

The expert Tom Evans also elaborates on this in his ‘Shunga, the Art of Love in Japan’:

“Most extraordinary of all is the final print, originally intended as a vicious attack on the Dutch. When first published this image must have seemed delightfully cruel to Japanese eyes. The grotesquely contorted faces and livid features are devoid of sensitivity and distorted by the crudest passion,

But now, removed from the racial tensions which provided the original motivation for the satire, we react primarily to its artistic excellence. We admire the daring with which every convention has been disregarded to produce a brilliant and novel composition, the delicate gaufrage of the Dutchman lowered drawers; and the fantastically detailed, lovingly delicate printing of the hair and genitals.

We are once more reminded of de Goncourt who stated that in his drawing of a phallus Utamaro revealed himself to be a draughtsman of the order of Michelangelo.”

Now, as promised the “feature film” (02:33 min) of the evening (…love that music!):

Shunga depicting Barbaric Westerners

You can click HERE for the original artworks by Utamaro that are available in our gallery!

Or click HERE another stiking design from the Utamakura-series featuring a rape…!!

 

About the author
Marijn is the founder of shungagallery.com. With more then 20 years of experience within the sensual and erotic art of shunga he is an authority in the genre. During this time he served many customers with complementing their art collection.
Robert Stahl
By

Robert Stahl

on 3 December 2018

Haha..great video. I love how the Japanese viewed all these exotic "creatures".

Marijn
By

Marijn

on 3 December 2018

Thanks Robert. Yes, that must have been a real cultureshock.

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